The Black Death was a plague epidemic that started and ended in Europe during the mid-14 century. It was a deadly disease, and due to little known knowledge of medication and vaccination during the time, the Black Death managed to kill a whopping 30-60% of Europe’s entire population.
The disease was primarily spread by fleas and rodents. Back at that time, houses weren’t as well-kept as they are today, so rats would be a common household problem back then. The Black Death started it’s way at big European trade cities. Then, it spread towards the countryside. It was officially recognized in 1348.
The disease made the patient have large boils on the skin, that would gradually turn black. Alongside that, the patient would have fever, chills, vomiting, and aching. Usually the patient would die in 3 days. People knew about the plague and would genuinely scared when it came to their town.
Doctors didn’t know how to treat the plague, so they attempted to cure it by dangerous practices, like bloodletting. Because of their little knowledge of germs, the didn’t understand how easy it was to catch the plague. Those infected were quarantined, but it wasn’t always successful.
Some people managed to see the Black Death as a punishment from God. People publicly whipped themselves, despite it not doing any good. This might have helped raise the sprits of people, but it did not stop the plague.
Due to the death of so many people, the economy of Europe was shaken by the plague. Also due to the deaths of so many, food couldn’t be grown effectively. Famine was a common problem alongside the Black Death. The plague was mostly over by 1350. But it did strike again from time to time until the 19th century.