The Iliad, The Odyssey, and the Aeneid (Week 13 History Essay)

This week’s assignment was to write a summary of The Iliad, The Odyssey, or the Aeneid. But, I decided to do a summary of all three, because I felt just doing one wouldn’t cut it. But, before we go on to the summaries, I want to talk about the authors for a few moments.

Homer, the author of both the Iliad and the Odyssey, was a bard, or a Greek poet, was from either the 8th or 9th century B.C. We don’t really know much about Homer, other than he wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey. These stories he wrote were major influences on Greek culture.

Virgil, a bard and storywriter like Homer, wrote during the time of Augustus Casear. He wrote about past events.

Now, on to the stories!

The Iliad was a poem about the Trojan War. However, this poem only recounts the main battle scenes of the Trojan War, not the actual story itself. The poem starts off with Helen, a woman whom was considered to be the most beautiful woman in the world, being kidnapped be Paris of Troy, and being taken back to Troy. Then all the people of Greece arose to cease Troy and return Helen to her husband. The people of Greece fought the Trojans for ten years before they were able to conquer Troy. They managed to do this by a huge wooden horse, named The Trojan Horse. It was hollow inside, which when the Trojans allowed in, the people inside could break open at night, open the gates to Troy, and conquer and burn the city.

The Odyssey was poem about a man named Odysseus coming home and his son, Telemachos. Many men who went out to fight against the Greeks got to come home weeks or months after they left Troy. But for one man, Odysseus had trouble doing this. It took him 10 years after the war to come home. Odysseus has many adventures during his trip towards home, to name a few, escaping the dangerous sirens, and escaping from Circe, a sorceress. Odysseus’ wife, Penelope, remains faithful to him, even though there are many suitors trying to be king

The Aeneid was a poem about the prince of Trojan, Aeneas. After Troy was burned, Aeneas and his family manage to escape. The whole plot of the story was for the family to search for a new land to live. They briefly lived in Sicily and Carthage, but neither of those locations were potential colonies, so the family moves on to another land. Eventually, they settled on the region of modern Rome, and the Trojans lived alongside the Etruscans.


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