Roman Kings (Week 22 History Essay)

This essay will cover two early kings of Rome.

Romulus was the first king of Rome. He and his brother Remus fought to see which one would start a land on top of two different locations. Well, Romulus won the fight, and on top of Palatine Hill, Rome was founded.

Romulus began building his new city, but after a while, he realized he would have to create law and order for Rome. He organized 12 ‘lictors’ to be his bodyguards and law enforcement.

To expand the city’s population, he offered housing to any freeman or slave that escaped and wanted a new place to live. To maintain order, he organized the Senate to rule over the people who joined him.

However, Romulus eventually started to notice that there were barely any women living in Rome, and without them, the population would decrease. So, in order to stop this problem, Romulus started kidnapping Sabine women.

Rome continued to expand, and population grew massively.

Even before Rome became a republic, the Senate was there to control the people and serve the king’s wishes. In 509 BC, Rome became a republic, and the Senate no longer served the king’s wishes.

After Romulus died, there were 2 theories. The nobles of the kingdom said that he was killed by the people around him, and the citizens said that he was brought up in a cloud to the heavens. The citizens thought that their kings/emperors were gods, so that’s where their theories spiraled from.

So after Romulus’ death, there was no clear successor to rule Rome. For an amount of time, the Senate established a fake king, but the people later demanded a real king. And thus, Numa Pompilus was crowned king.

Numa was known for his outstanding knowledge and wisdom, and he was the only candidate that was discussed for kingship. Unlike Romulus, Numa was a man of peace.

The Temple of Janus was built by Numa, and it was to signify his success of bringing peace. The temple was named after a Roman god, Janus(shocker), who was the god of boundaries. The temple had a giant statue inside it. However, that’s not what made this temple appealing. The doors were the important part of this temple, for if the doors were closed, there was peace. If the doors were open, it meant there was war.

Numa developed the worship of gods in Rome, and he also reorganized the calendar so that he could decide whether business could or could not be done.

Numa reigned for almost a century, and Rome was peaceful and happy.


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