Europe, alongside many continents, has had a lot of changes to it as time went on, and a lot of history to go alongside that. However, Europe as a continent didn’t start organizing until 500 AD.
After the Roman Empire fell, city-states started to organize, making Europe divide into rather country-like regions. Despite this, the continent was still pretty undivided and undeveloped, due to no really boundaries being established.
Around 1000 AD, Europe emerged out of the “Dark Ages” it entered during the Roman Empire, following the fall of the latter. Countries eventually did start to build around strong kings, but this wasn’t helping Europe’s situation in the slightest. At this time, France, England, and the Holy Roman Empire were the strongest groups in Europe.
Now comes 1200 AD, Muslims in Iberia have been pushed back, but still remain an enemy to Spain. Any available territory in Europe has been claimed, and the countries have resorted to fighting each other.
By 1453 AD, Europe had taken major hits from the Black Death, a Hundred Year’s war, and several other small conflicts from countries fighting each other. 1453 AD is also the year when Constantinople falls and the Ottomans have complete access to Eastern Europe.
Now, near 1750 AD, Sweden has become massive in size, ultimately controlling most of Scandinavia. Austria’s forces have been growing strong enough to hold off the Ottomans and keep them in Eastern Europe. England, France, Spain, the Netherlands, and Portugal have started making oversea colonies, bringing wealth to Europe.
Europe eventually ends up being the most dominant continent in the world, ruling over the world with colonies for several centuries.