John Quincy Adams was the 6th president of the United States. He was born in Massachusetts in 1767 to John and Abigail Adams. Quincy’s education was a very odd case, as he did not go to school, but studied under his cousin and his father’s law clerk.
When he was just 11 years old, Quincy attended his father on his trips around Europe. This proved to be beneficial on Quincy’s end, as his opportunities for education were expanded greatly. He studied at Leiden University in the Netherlands at this time.
During his trips to Russia, he joined Francis Dana to get recognition of the sovereignty of the United States. He also spent time in a slew of European countries, becoming fluent in their languages.
Adams returned to America, and then attended and graduated Harvard University. Afterwards, he gained recognition for writing several articles defending George Washington and his decision to keep America out of Europe wars.
And due to this, Washington eventually appointed Quincy as ambassador to the Netherlands. He was young at 26, but despite his age, Washington still appointed him to the position, due to thinking Quincy was a valuable foreign official.
Instead of going home after his appointment to the Netherlands, he was instead appointed as minister of Portugal in 1786. He continued working, and was eventually appointed as the Secretary of State.
Around that time, it wasn’t unheard of that the Secretary of State would become the next president, it was rather common. But, Quincy was contested strongly by war hero General Andrew Jackson.
The results were inconclusive, and so the presidency was decided upon a vote in the House of Representatives. A man named Henry Clay brought his supporters into favor of Quincy, resulting in a win for him. Jackson was enraged at his loss and claimed a deal happened between Clay and Quincy. Despite this claim, Quincy still rose to presidency.
During his presidency, he did multiple things, including supporting a high tariff to pay for road-building and canal-building projects he ordered, and supporting the Native Americans in their claim to lands.
Along came 1829, in which the election for the president was held. Andrew Jackson competed against Quincy again, but Jackson’s campaign won. Quincy left office, but then was elected to the House of Representatives. He spent the last 17 years of his life there.